Vessel 223 (2003.08.487)
NON-PLASTICS AND PASTE: grog
VESSEL FORM: Jar
RIM AND LIP FORM: direct rim and a flat lip
CORE COLOR: A (fired and cooled in an oxidizing environment)
INTERIOR SURFACE COLOR: yellowish-brown
EXTERIOR SURFACE COLOR: yellowish-brown; fire clouding on the rim, body, and base
WALL THICKNESS (RIM, BODY, AND BASE IN MM): rim, 5.9 mm
INTERIOR SURFACE TREATMENT: smoothed on the rim
EXTERIOR SURFACE TREATMENT: burnished
HEIGHT (IN CM): 11.0
ORIFICE DIAMETER (IN CM): 11.0
DIAMETER AT BOTTOM OF RIM OR NECK (IN CM): 11.0
BASE DIAMETER (IN CM): 7.5
ESTIMATED VOLUME (IN LITERS): 0.73
DECORATION (INCLUDING MOTIF AND ELEMENTS WHEN APPARENT): The rim has a series of four engraved negative and reversed vertical S-shaped elements, short horizontal lines, and a divider comprised of upper and lower triangles whose apexes meet. The body is decorated with a scroll and a central engraved oval repeated twice around the vessel. Each oval has a smaller oval within it, and the bottom half of the smaller oval is filled with hatched lines. The oval-shaped element resembles the ogee or portal symbol seen in Southeastern Ceremonial Complex art. The ogee symbol has been “linked to the Otherworld and to serpents” (Reilly 2004:130), and marked the “portals between the different levels of the Native American cosmos” (Reilly 2004:130).
The scroll center line, and the outer lines of the upper and lower scroll fill zones have pendant triangles on them.
PIGMENT USE AND LOCATION ON VESSEL: none
TYPE [IF KNOWN]: Ripley Engraved, var. unspecified
Ripley Engraved, var. unspecified jar, Vessel 223, Burial 38.
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American Southeast, Caddo, Ceramic, Pottery, Archaeology, Anthropology
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