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Agency

Texas Historical Commission

Abstract

Sphere 3 Environmental, Inc. (Sphere 3) conducted an intensive pedestrian cultural resources survey of approximately 0.12 hectares (0.29 acres) of land designated as the Project Area/Area of Potential Effects on September 16 and 17, 2020, in response to the proposed pipeline replacement in Jefferson, Texas. The City of Jefferson retained Sphere 3 to conduct a cultural resources survey of the proposed pipeline replacement location. The cultural resources survey was conducted to identify properties eligible for inclusion in the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) or worthy of listing as a State Antiquities Landmark (SAL). A total of 12 shovel tests were excavated across the project area. Four historic era archaeological sites (41MR296, 41MR297, 41MR298, and 41MR299) were identified as a result of the survey. All cultural objects recovered from shovel testing, except for modern objects less than 50 years old and excessive numbers of structural materials such as brick and concrete fragments, and all documents associated with this investigation were curated at the Texas Archeological Research Laboratory in Austin, Texas. For the excessive numbers of structural materials, a representative sample will be retained and submitted to TARL for permanent curation. Site 41MR296 has been evaluated as not eligible for inclusion in the NHRP and not worthy of designation as a SAL. Sites 41MR297, 41MR298, and 41MR299 have been determined to be unknown as to eligibility for inclusion in the NRHP or worthy of listing as a SAL. The client has agreed to conduct the proposed construction in such a way as to not impact the three archaeological sites with unknown eligibility. Sphere 3 therefore recommends construction be allowed to proceed without further cultural resource investigations.

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