Journal of Northeast Texas Archaeology
The Middle Caddo period did not come into clear focus in East Texas archaeological research until Story’s overview of the archaeology of the Western Gulf Coastal Plain. The ceramic styles and types found on Middle Caddo sites set it apart from what came before (i.e., the Early Caddo period) and what came after (the Late Caddo period). It has been generally accepted that sites of the Middle Caddo period in East Texas date from ca. A.D. 1200-1400, although site by site this is not a hard and fast temporal boundary (nor should it necessarily be). Nevertheless, it seems warranted now, as our radiocarbon database grows, to take a closer look at the temporal extent of the Middle Caddo period in East Texas to both refine its age as a spatial-temporal unit and clarify relationships between contemporaneous Caddo communities during this era.
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