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Authors

David Yelacic

Agency

Texas Historical Commission

Abstract

The Village of Salado has proposed the Salado Wastewater Line project where wastewater lines and associated lift stations will be constructed in Salado, Bell County, Texas. The Village of Salado retained Terracon Consultants, Inc. to conduct a systematic, intensive pedestrian survey of the approximately 11.36-acre project area. Because the Village of Salado, a political subdivision of the State of Texas, sponsored the project, the proposed undertaking is subject to compliance with the Antiquities Code of Texas and oversight from the Texas Historical Commission (THC). Funding for the project would come in part from the Economic Development Administration. Therefore, the undertaking triggers Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act (Code of Federal Regulations, Title 36, Part 800). In addition, US Army Corps of Engineers Nationwide Permit 12 for Utility Lines (SWF-2015-00517) is being utilized for this project. The cultural resources survey was carried out under Texas Antiquities Permit Number 7736, issued to David Yelacic, MS, RPA, Principal Investigator. Fieldwork was carried out by David Yelacic with assistance from Caitlin Gulihur and Juan Morlock. Records from the project will be curated at the Center for Archaeological Studies at Texas State University.

The approximate 16,500-linear-foot by 30-foot-wide alignment (11.36 acres) was considered the Area of Potential Effect (APE). Survey of the APE consisted of systematic pedestrian coverage, including discretionary shovel tests and backhoe trenching. The survey work was carried out on August 5 and 6, 2016. In coordination with staff from the THC, the study area was focused down to archaeologically sensitive areas, areas with deep impacts, and a previously unsurveyed (and undisturbed) portion of alignment to the east. Three backhoe trenches and four shovel tests were excavated. One newly discovered archeological site, 41BL1401, consisting of prehistoric lithics and historic-age materials, was recorded. The locations of site 41BL1401 and Backhoe Trench 2 were monitored during construction; limited cultural materials in disturbed contexts were observed at each location. No features or discrete archaeological deposits were observed. Site 41BL1401 is recommended as not eligible within the project right-of-way (ROW) for listing on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) or for designation as a State Antiquities Landmark (SAL).

Given the absence of eligible historic properties within the APE, it is Terracon’s recommendation that the proposed project be allowed to proceed as currently designed. In the unlikely event that human remains or cultural features are discovered during remaining construction activities, construction should cease in the vicinity of the remains and Terracon, the Texas Historical Commission’s Archeology Division, or other proper authorities should be contacted.

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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