Texas Historical Commission
In October 2015, an intensive archeological survey was completed in order to inventory and evaluate archeological resources within a parcel of land where wastewater improvements are planned for the City of Anton, Hockley County, Texas. The planned improvements include a new wastewater plant/pump station, facultative lagoon, holding pond, and effluent application area. The archeological area of potential effects (APE) is a triangular parcel of land that measures approximately 0.45 by 0.47 by 0.62 miles (0.72 by 0.76 by 1.0 kilometers) and covers approximately 72 acres (29 hectares). The APE is on a level upland adjacent to Yellowhouse Draw. The work was carried out under Texas Antiquities Permit 7442 by Virginia Hatfield of Cox|McLain Environmental Consulting, Inc. (CMEC), a subcontractor to Parkhill, Smith and Cooper, Inc. (PSC).
Ground surfaces within the APE were highly visible (100 percent across the entire APE) as the parcel of land has been utilized for agricultural activities, most recently hay. Six shovel tests were excavated, with a focus on southern edge due to the proximity of Yellowhouse Draw. All shovel tests were negative and revealed relatively shallow soils with the B horizon occurring at around 30 to 35 centimeters below the surface (cmbs).
All materials (notes, photographs, administrative documents, and other project data) generated from this work will be housed at the Center for Archaeological Studies (CAS) at Texas State University, where they will be made permanently available to future researchers per 13 Texas Administrative Code (TAC) 26.16-17.
If any unanticipated cultural materials or deposits are found at any stage of clearing, preparation, or construction, the work should cease and Texas Historical Commission (THC) personnel should be notified immediately. The Texas Historical Commission (THC) concurred with the findings and recommendations of this report on November 30, 2015 (see Appendix A).
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