Journal of Texas Archeology and History
A Pecos River style painting of a black deer from Black Cave Annex (41VV76a) in southwest Texas was radiocarbon dated. Using plasma oxidation and accelerator mass spectrometry, we obtained an age of 1465 ± 40 RCYBP (2 sigma calibrated age range of A.D. 470-660). This age is younger than the accepted age range for Pecos River style paintings, which is approximately 4000-3000 years B.P. This new measurement in association with other younger dates prompts us to question whether the Pecos River style endured for a longer time period than previously thought. More radiocarbon research is needed in order to understand how this anomalous result might fit within the Lower Pecos Canyonlands rock art chronology.
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Cite this Record
Bates, Lennon N.; Castañeda, Amanda M.; Boyd, Carolyn E.; and Steelman, Karen L.
"A Black Deer at Black Cave: New Pictograph Radiocarbon Date for the Lower Pecos, Texas,"
Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State: Vol. 2015,
Article 69. https://doi.org/10.21112/ita.2015.1.69
Available at: https://scholarworks.sfasu.edu/ita/vol2015/iss1/69
American Material Culture Commons, Archaeological Anthropology Commons, Environmental Studies Commons, Other American Studies Commons, Other Arts and Humanities Commons, Other History of Art, Architecture, and Archaeology Commons, United States History Commons
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