Texas Historical Commission
This report presents the results of an archeological reconnaissance survey for the proposed expansion and realignment of Farm-to-Market road (FM) 2478 (North Custer Road) in northwestern Collin County, Texas (CSJ 2351-01-017). The project involves the expansion of approximately 2.45 miles of FM 2478 from a two-lane undivided roadway to a six-lane divided roadway, the reconstruction of the existing bridge structures that span Wilson Creek and Rutherford Branch, and the realignment of approximately 0.54 mile of roadway from Rhea Mills Circle to FM 1461. Much of the project area has been subjected to ground-disturbing activities associated with agriculture, recent residential development, buried utilities, and the construction and maintenance of FM 2478 and other local roadways. One newly identified archeological resource, early to mid-twentieth-century domestic site 41COL256, was recorded. The site is recommended not eligible for inclusion in the National Register of Historic Places or for designation as a State Antiquities Landmark. In addition, the locations of two historic period cemeteries (Walnut Grove Cemetery and Hunt Cemetery) adjacent to the proposed project area were reviewed. Unmarked graves are unlikely to occur within the proposed right-of-way; therefore, the proposed project is unlikely to disturb any unmarked graves that may be associated with either cemetery. It is recommended that the proposed FM 2478 expansion and realignment project be allowed to proceed. No artifacts were collected; however, all records generated by this survey will be permanently curated with the Texas Archeological Research Laboratory in Austin.
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