Texas Historical Commission
This report represents the culmination of fourteen years of marine archeological investigations by PBS&J (now Atkins North America, Inc.) associated with the Texas City Channel Improvement Project. Over that time span Atkins’ investigations of the site of USS Westfield (41GV151) have included numerous remote-sensing surveys using various combinations of marine magnetometer, side-scan sonar, sector-scan sonar, sub-bottom profiler, and ROV; three diving investigations totaling 64 dives and over 72 hours of bottom time; and archeological salvage of Westfield resulting in the recovery of at least 8,380 artifacts. These combined efforts were undertaken in order to satisfy the responsibilities of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers under Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act (Public Law 89-665; 16 U.S.C. 470) and the Antiquities Code of Texas (Texas Natural Resource Code, Title 9, Chapter 191). The archeological investigations reported in this document were conducted under Texas Antiquities Permits 3878, 4622, and 5271, issued by the Texas Historical Commission, and Federal Permits for Intrusive Archaeological Research on U.S. Naval Cultural Resources, Nos. PBSJ-2009-001 and PBSJ2009-0002, issued by the U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command. The minimum reporting and survey requirements for marine archeological studies conducted under a Texas Antiquities Permit are mandated by The Texas Administrative Code, Title 13, Part 2, Chapters 26 and 28, respectively. The results of six separate site investigations are reported in this document, including Contract DACW64-03-D-0001Delivery Orders 0004 and 0005, conducted in 2005 and 2006, respectively, and additional site assessments and data recovery conducted under Delivery Order 0006 and four subsequent delivery order modifications in 2007, 2009, and 2010. The results of Delivery Order 0004 conclusively demonstrated that the source of recorded anomaly GV0031 was a shipwreck (and given the site designation 41GV151), which tentatively matched the time period and characteristics of Westfield. The results of Delivery Order 0005 further substantiated the identity of 41GV151 as USS Westfield and concluded that the site demonstrates several criteria for eligibility to the National Register of Historic Places. Delivery Order 0006 resulted in the data recovery operations, which are the primary focus of this report.
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