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Agency

Caddo Archeology Journal

Abstract

The Jamestown Mound site (41SM54) is an Archaeological Conservancy (TAC) preserve in northern Smith Country, Texas in the northeastern part of the state. The Jamestown site is one of the largest Caddo mound centers in East Texas, with seven recorded mounds and an associated village area of unknown extent and internal complexity (Perttula 1989, 1994). It is also one of the four premier mound centers in the Sabine River basin, the other three being Hudnall-Pirtle (41RK4, see Bruseth and Perttula 2006), a TAC preserve, Pine Tree Mounds (41HS15) (Gadus and Fields 2005), also a TAC preserve as of 2006, and Boxed Springs (41UR30, see Perttula et al. 2000), and was obviously an important civic and ceremonial center for the prehistoric Caddo peoples that lived there and in surrounding communities. Unfortunately, at the present time very little is known about the archaeological record preserved at the Jamestown site, or the exact locations of several of the smaller mounds on the preserve. Here, I summarize the history of archaeological research at the Jamestown site. This article is intended to be a companion piece to the report to be submitted to the TAC on the results of on-going remote sensing activities at the Jamestown preserve.

The Jamestown preserve covers approximately 18 acres of pasture (Figure 1) divided into two tracts by a north-south running fence (Figure 1, with the dividing fence removed). It is a large prehistoric Caddo mound center, with multiple mounds (Figure 2), roughly arranged in a circular pattern, with an open area (or plaza) between the mounds. The largest mound (Md. A) (Figure 3a-b), measuring ca. 43 m in diameter and 4 m in height, is situated in the southwestern side of the circle of mounds (see Figures 1 and 2). Mounds B-E (15-20 m in diameter and 40 cm-1 m in height) are probably mounds built over houses with a clay floor and a clay cap. The exact locations of Mounds D and E within the TAC preserve are not currently known. Md. A is known to have two levels of burned structural remains in the upper mound fill.

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

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