Journal of Northeast Texas Archaeology
The Rainbow site is a historic archaeological site that was recorded during a cultural resources survey of a proposed Wal-Mart SuperCenter site in Longview, Texas. It was first interpreted as the location of an illegal whiskey still, but testing revealed that the furnace had been part of a sugar cane syrup mill. The early 1900s furnace is unusual when compared to other reported furnaces in that the firebox had been constructed below the original ground level and the flue/pan area had walls that were barely 1.5 ft. above the surrounding ground, whereas most furnaces were constructed on level ground and had waist-high walls where workers could stand upright when processing syrup. In addition, a brick vault had been constructed over the north end of the firebox and no other examples of such a feature have been reported from syrup mill furnaces.
Skinner, S. Alan
"The Rainbow Site, An Unusual Syrup Mill in Gregg County, Texas,"
Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State: Vol. 2005
, Article 25. https://doi.org/10.21112/.ita.2005.1.25
Available at: https://scholarworks.sfasu.edu/ita/vol2005/iss1/25
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