The Development of an Agricultural Landscape Along a Portion of the U.S. Highway 277 Corridor, With a Case Study of the Cotton Industry in Haskell, Texas
In February 2002, Prewitt and Associates, Inc., contracted with the Texas Department of Transportation, Environmental Affairs Division, to complete tasks describing the history and architectural resources of the U.S. Highway 277 Wichita Falls, to Abilene, Texas, corridor. Task 1 involved producing a broad overview of the corridor focusing on railroad construction and development of an agricultural landscape. The overview, constituting the first part of this report, provides a history of agriculture, transportation, and community development along the corridor, and identifies the forces at play in the development of the corridor that resulted in construction of specific properties. Task 2 involved creating a case study of Haskell focusing on the development of the cotton industry in the town and surrounding area, identifying the forces at play in the creation and growth of the town and agricultural and related industries, and briefly describing cotton-related cultural properties; this study constitutes the second part of this report. Task 4 resulted in an annotated bibliography pertaining to subjects associated with Task 1; the bibliography also appears in this report. The results of Task 3, which involved producing an illustrated field guide to industrial property types, are more fully described in another volume.