Texas Department of Transportation Environmental Affairs Division
Site 41SM203 is a prehistoric campsite situated along the southwestern outskirts of the city of Tyler, Smith County, Texas. The site occupies the apex and lower slopes of a north-south trending ridge that runs for several miles. The lower part of the site lies relatively near springs located along the headwaters of Butler Creek. These springs or similar ones are thought to have been a major attraction of this locale, but significant cultural deposits were not found near them or in any part of the site subject to the investigation. The cultural materials that were found indicate sporadic and nonintensive use of the site through different parts of the Archaic period, particularly the Late Archaic. Following the Late Archaic, there is a gap in the cultural record caused by the apparent absence of the Early Ceramic period. Later, there is meager evidence of Late Prehistoric occupation in the way of Caddoan ceramics.
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Goode, Glenn T.
"Test Excavations at Prehistoric Site 41SM203, Smith County, Texas,"
Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State: Vol. 1997
, Article 23. https://doi.org/10.21112/ita.1997.1.23
Available at: https://scholarworks.sfasu.edu/ita/vol1997/iss1/23
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