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Agency

Caddo Archeology Journal

Abstract

Unfortunately, many archeologists are unaware of the rapidity with which these lithic procurement sites are being destroyed. Since many of them are located in areas not usually associated with prehistoric sites, such as on elevated ridges or in mountain settings often far from water, they are not monitored regularly by archeologists and often eliminated or damaged without scientific notice of such damage. For example, when I visited the Peoria Quarry in 1992 to obtain samples of the raw material, I discovered that over 90 percent of the site had been destroyed by leveling the ground for several houses. Later, in 1993, additional damage was done to the site by the installation of a water line through the remaining part of the site. In August, 1994, I visited the Golden Grove Quarry in Barton County, Missouri only to find that the owner of the site had recently filled in all of the one to two meter deep pits so that he could plant the area in fescue. In the Ouachita area near Hot Springs, hundreds of prehistoric quarries have been destroyed already by novaculite mining operations to obtain material for silica products and whetstones. The huge aboriginal quarrying complex on Spanish Mountain near Magnet Cove, Arkansas has been damaged severely, although portions of it are still intact

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