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Texas Historical Commission
The Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) plans to replace a bridge on FM 560 at Barkman Creek, just north of Hooks, Texas. The bridge replacement will not cause direct impacts to archaeological sites, but the bridge location requires that a small segment of Barkman Creek be channelized to control erosion and flooding.
During routine survey, TxDOT personnel determined that the channelization would disturb site 41BW422. Testing was scheduled for June 1991 in order to determine the site's eligibility for the national register.
Based on the results from these investigations, 41BW422 appears to be an open campsite dating to an Archaic or pre-ceramic period. However, no diagnostic artifacts were found. One intact cultural feature (a prehistoric trash pit) was found, and there is a lack of research on such sites.
The site is considered eligible for inclusion in the National Register of Historic Places under Criterion D, for the information the site might provide in prehistory.
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