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Texas Historical Commission
The State Department of Highways and Public Transportation (SDHPT) conducted archaeological testing on Site 41DW260 in DeWitt County during January 1988. The site is located along FM 3402 about 2.5 miles west of Cuero, Texas and extends from the north side of the highway onto private property. Testing has shown that the area within the right-of-way is a 20-25 cm deep prehistoric campsite where the primary activities were the reduction of fist-sized flint cobbles into usable flakes and the collection of freshwater mussels as a food resource. A total of 16 one meter squares were excavated into the narrow right-of-way and a large quantity of lithic debitage and shell debris was recovered. No diagnostic artifacts or features were encountered. Further research within the right-of-way is not proposed due to the disturbed nature of the area and the low potential for locating intact features or temporally sensitive artifacts. About 7% of the site within the right-of-way was excavated and sufficient data gathered to discuss some of the lithic strategies. The portion of Site 41DW260 within the right-of-way does not appear worthy of nomination as a State Archaeological Landmark. The area outside the project limits could not be examined but is less disturbed and located on more desirable landforms and may merit inclusion as a State Archaeological Landmark.
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