This report presents a program for archaeological and historical data recovery along portions of Houston and Bowie Streets, San Antonio, Texas. These streets, situated just east of the Alamo Plaza Historic District, are scheduled for expansion as parts of main access routes to the inner-city Las Tiendas Mall development in San Antonio. Both the mall complex and street expansion have projected completion dates of December 1987.

A brief discussion of the street modifications, the archaeological and historical significance of the study area, and preliminary investigations are presented as an introduction to a description of limited testing. Based on past field work and archival reviews, recommendations for further work are presented with particular emphasis on research design, strategy, and methodologies.

All field work to date and portions of the background historical research have been conducted by the Archaeology Office, Community Factors Section, Highway Design Division, Texas State Department of Highways and Public Transportation (SDHPT), Austin. In cooperation with the SDHPT and Day-Zimmermann, Inc. (consulting managers of the Las Tiendas Project), the Center for Archaeological Research, the University of Texas at San Antonio (CAR-UTSA) has also furnished a preliminary archival review for the project area. Extracts from these data are included in Section II-Bof this report.

Licensing Statement

This is a work produced for the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) by the report producer. TxDOT and the report producer jointly own all rights, title, and interest in and to all intellectual property developed under TxDOT’s contract with the report producer. The report may be cited and brief passages from this publication may be reproduced without permission provided that credit is given to both TxDOT and the report producer. Permission to reprint an entire chapter, section, figures or tables must be obtained in advance from either the Supervisor of the Archeological Studies Branch, Environmental Affairs Division, Texas Department of Transportation, 125 East 11th Street, Austin, Texas, 78701 or from the report producer.



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