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Research Design for Testing Archaeological Site 41ME29 State Highway 16 Medina County, Texas
Archaeological Site 41ME29 is located in Medina County along the western bank of San Geronimo Creek at the intersection of a major terrace system and a high ridge line. The site contains a prehistoric burned rock midden which has been largely buried by colluvial deposits from the ridge line. Disturbances appear to be minimal.
Testing of portions of the site within the highway right-of-way is being initiated by the State Department of Highways and Public Transportation (SDHPT) in accordance with Procedures for the Protection of Historic and Cultural Properties (36 CFR, Part 800), procedures prescribed by law and endorsed by the Federal Highway Administration. Objectives of the testing will be to determine the nature of the site, its cultural affiliation, and whether the portions within the highway right-of-way meet the criteria for inclusion within the National Register of Historic Places.
Specifically, the site will be tested to determine the depth of the cultural deposits and the limits of the site within the right-of-way. Cultural con-text and stratification of artifacts recovered will also be of prime concern. Cultural features will be pursued to the extent that their nature and cultural affiliation can be determined. Artifacts and cultural debris will be recorded -- in situ where possible. Documentation will consist of field notes, level reports, drawings, profiles, and photographic records.
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