Center for Archaeological Research
During previous surveys of the Choke Canyon Reservoir area in Live Oak and McMullen Counties, Texas, 17 historic sites (structures, refuse areas, cemeteries) had been located and examined. Further work in this area is described in this report and is summarized as follows: Most of the above sites and 5 newly located ones underwent surface collection and 'test excavation. Sites were recorded and the collected artifacts described and classified. Suggested chronology and occupation are correlated with the findings of the historical research study (Everett, Part I of this report). Evidence indicates that the area was most intensively occupied during the second half of the nineteenth century and that the inhabitants were Anglo-American, Black, Mexican, and possibly Mexican-American families. They were dependent on stock raising and strongly affected by the regional economy.
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