Document Type


Publication Date



Despite the prevalence of family, friend, and neighbor (FFN) child care (NSECE, 2015), relatively little is known about the characteristics of this type of care, quality of care, and the features of effective quality improvement initiatives for FFN care providers. In general, the early childhood field has remained relatively silent about FFN child care in policy and research discourses surrounding child well-being and quality initiatives (Shivers, 2012; Whitebook et al., 2004). The overall goal of the analyses described in this brief, Brief #4 in a series of four, was to explore and analyze FFN providers’ awareness and use of community resources. This sample was obtained by collecting data from providers involved in a 14-week training-support group intervention known as the Arizona Kith and Kin Project. The providers in the Arizona Kith and Kin Project represent a critical population of providers who are serving young children in Arizona.


Shivers, E. M., Yang, C., & Farago. F. (2016). The Arizona Kith and Kin Project Evaluation, Brief #4: Increasing Cultural and Social Capital by Linking Family, Friend, and Neighbor Providers to Resources in the Early Childhood System. Indigo Cultural Center, for the Association for Supportive Child Care, with support from First Things First and Valley of the Sun United Way.


Tell us how this article helped you.