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On October 10, 1962, President John Kennedy signed PL 87-788 (Appendix A) now known as the McIntire-Stennis Cooperative Forestry Research Program. After 40 years, this formula-based cooperative program continues to provide the base support for much of the forestry research conducted at 65 public forestry institutions. While still important, the proportion of McIntire-Stennis research sponsored over this time period has decreased. Other funding sources, such as competitive grants through the Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service and other government agencies along with special grants appropriated by Congress, now finance a higher proportion of forestry research as shown in Figure 1. The level of funding from non-federal sources has increased slightly. This evaluation is an attempt to determine whether the decline in support is due to an “internal” failure of the program to meet its goals and objectives or “external” pressures from influences of other more “popular” funding sources. Most of the forestry leaders who fought for its passage and implementation are now gone. Few today in forestry research know of the extensive efforts exerted by earlier forestry leaders to establish the McIntire-Stennis program. This history provides a tribute to the dedication of earlier forestry leaders, and at the same time, demonstrates a possible path for renewal of their efforts to increase the level of forestry research.


Thompson, D.H., S.H. Bullard. 2004. History and evaluation of the McIntire-Stennis Cooperative Forestry Research Program. Forest and Wildlife Research Center, Bulletin FO249, Mississippi State University. 57 pp.



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