Current southern pine beetle ( Dendroctonus frontalis Zimm.) control depends heavily upon direct approaches having short-term payoffs. Chemical or physical tactics have fidled to check epidemics in the Gulf South. A major challenge lies in developing and using indirect methods for managing this pest. Promotion of stand resistance and biotic agents, and manipulation of stand density and cutting practices, hold prospect for reducing the incidence and severity of beetle-caused losses.
Coster, Jack E., "Towards Integrated Protection from the Southern Pine Beetle" (1977). Faculty Publications. 356.