•  
  •  
 

Authors

Wayne C. Young

Agency

Texas State Department of Highways and Public Transportation Highway Design Division

Abstract

Archaeological testing of two sites in western Comanche County, 41CJ75 and 41CJ76, by the State Department of Highways and Public Transportation (SDHPT) during April 1987 has shown that both sites are shallow, low density, prehistoric campsites. Portions of both sites outside the right-of-way of SH 36 have been impacted by cultivation and site integrity has been lost. Those portions within the right-of-way are located within steep backslopes which made testing difficult. Site 41CJ75 was found to be only 10 cm deep except where the SDHPT had placed recent fill on the site. Site 41CJ76 was located along a very steep backslope where excavation of 10 cm levels within a 1 by 1 meter unit was impossible. Tests suggest that the maximum site depth within the right-of-way was 40 cm with the maximum density of prehistoric materials 10 to 20 cm below the original surface. A basal red clay beneath a brownish sand was found to be culturally sterile. Ongoing wind erosion in the recent- ly plowed fields adjacent to the right-of-way has revealed this red clay in the furrows, suggesting that the site has been largely destroyed. Neither site appears to be eligible for nomination to the National Register of Historic Places or for consideration as a State Archaeologi- cal Landmark. No further research is recommended for either site.

Licensing Statement

This is a work produced for the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) by the report producer. TxDOT and the report producer jointly own all rights, title, and interest in and to all intellectual property developed under TxDOT’s contract with the report producer. The report may be cited and brief passages from this publication may be reproduced without permission provided that credit is given to both TxDOT and the report producer. Permission to reprint an entire chapter, section, figures or tables must be obtained in advance from either the Supervisor of the Archeological Studies Branch, Environmental Affairs Division, Texas Department of Transportation, 125 East 11th Street, Austin, Texas, 78701 or from the report producer.

 

To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.