Differences in Attachment, Resilience, and Negative Affect in Non-Treatment-Seeking and Treatment-Seeking EMS Professionals
Emergency medical service (EMS) professionals have a stressful vocation, inarguably worsened by the COVID-19 pandemic, which affects their mental health and makes them a vulnerable population warranting further study. However, to date, no published research has compared non-treatment and treatment-seeking EMS professionals in the same greater metropolitan area. In this study, we examined differences and similarities among the non-treatment-seeking EMS professionals (n = 57) from a local EMS agency and treatment-seeking EMS personnel (n = 53) from a non-profit community treatment center on six assessment instruments that measure attachment avoidance, attachment anxiety, resilience, depression, generalized anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and suicidality. The Mann-Whitney U test revealed attachment avoidance, attachment anxiety, depression, generalized anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were significantly higher in the treatment-seeking sample compared to the non-treatment-seeking group.
Carbajal, J., Ponder, W. N., Malthaner, L. Q., Shahan, K., Jetelina, K. K., Galusha, J. M., & Schuman, D. L. (2022). Differences in attachment, resilience, and negative affect in non-treatment-seeking and treatment-seeking EMS professionals. Journal of Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences, 16, 103–116. https://doi.org/10.5590/JSBHS.2022.16.1.08