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Searching for information, which is not as easy as many students believe, requires creativity, formative evaluation, and persistence. Cultivating proficient and expert searches requires more than the vicarious and enactive experiences described by Bandura1 that are frequently employed in traditional library instruction: students need to be supported and coached in working in their Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD), which stimulates learning.2


Clark, M.R. (2018). Fostering creative thinking and reflexive evaluation in searching: Instructional scaffolding and the zone of proximal development in information literacy acquisition, In M.K. Oberlies & J.L. Mattson (Eds.), Framing Information Literacy: Teaching Grounded in Theory, Pedagogy, and Practice (pp. 285-298). Chicago, IL: ACRL.




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