Texas Historical Commission


In May and June, 2018, Raba Kistner Environmental, Inc. (RKEI) was contracted by Davila Construction, Inc. (CLIENT), to conduct archaeological monitoring of construction associated with utility installations for the City Annex Project. The Project Area is located within a lot between Dolorosa and Nueva Streets in Downtown San Antonio, Bexar County Texas. The proposed project is located on lands controlled by the City of San Antonio (COSA) a political subdivision of the State of Texas. As such, the proposed project is subject to review under the City of San Antonio’s Unified Development Code (UDC) (Chapter 35 Article VI) and the Antiquities Code of Texas (ACT; Texas Natural Resource Code, Title 9). All work was conducted under ACT Permit No. 8416 with Steve A. Tomka serving as Principal Investigator. Field work was conducted by Project Archaeologist Chris Matthews and Chris Murray.

During the investigations, a majority of the APE showed evidence of disturbance. Disturbances included existing utilities, previous construction, and landscaping. Monitoring of the excavations revealed that intact soils were only present in the northeastern portion of the APE. Excavations for Trench 7 (T-7) identified a yellow brick and limestone feature that was documented as 41BX2247. The site is likely the structural foundation associated with a blacksmith shop identified on late nineteenth to early twentieth Sanborn Fire Insurance Maps. Excavations for Trench 8 also identified structural foundation remains, documented as 41BX2248. Site 41BX2248 consisted of a limestone foundation likely associated with a residential dwelling illustrated on the late nineteenth to early twentieth Sanborn Fire Insurance Maps.

Both sites are recommended as not significant due to a lack of integrity. Neither site is considered contributing element to the Main and Military Plazas National Register Historic District. RKEI does not recommend any further archaeological investigations within the areas monitored. However, should additional excavations of trenches in the Project Area occur, further work may be required and archival research is recommended for sites 41BX2247 and 41BX2248. All field records and photographs produced during investigations are curated at the Center for Archaeological Research at the University of Texas at San Antonio.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License


Submission Location


Tell us how this article helped you.


To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.