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Agency

Texas Historical Commission

Abstract

Sphere 3 Environmental, Inc. (Sphere 3) and Deep East Texas Archaeological Consultants (DETAC) conducted an intensive pedestrian cultural resources survey of an approximately 10.5- hectare (26-acre) tract of land on April 2, 2018 for MHS Planning & Design, LLC. Proposed development includes 1,255.8 meters (m) (4,120 feet (ft)) of trails 3.1 m (10.0 ft) wide with two bridges, three benches, and a boardwalk for the Longview Arboretum in Longview, Texas. The project area is located east of the Muade Cobb Convention Center, south of W. Cotton Street, west of The Green, and north of Highway 31. The land is owned by the City of Longview, Texas. The cultural resources survey was conducted under Texas Antiquities Permit #8384 to find properties eligible for inclusion in the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) or listing as a State Antiquities Landmark (SAL). A total of 62 shovel tests were excavated across the project area. One prehistoric site, 41GG126, was identified as a prehistoric low-density artifact scatter on a highly disturbed ridge. Artifacts recovered from the site consisted of chert flakes (primary, secondary, and tertiary), one plain body sherd, and one nutting stone. No diagnostic artifacts were recovered. The site’s integrity has been destroyed by clearing for pasture prior to the 1930’s, planting and harvesting of pine trees, and recent clearing. Project records and artifacts were curated at the Stephen F. Austin State University Anthropology Laboratory in Nacogdoches, Texas. This site is ineligible for inclusion in the NRHP or listing as a SAL; therefore, Sphere 3 and DETAC recommend that the Longview Arboretum proceed without further cultural resource investigations.

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