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Authors

Ken Lawrence

Agency

Texas Historical Commission

Abstract

Cultural resource investigations were conducted by SWCA Environmental Consultants (SWCA) for TCB INC. on behalf of a private developer and in coordination with the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) for a culvert replacement project located in eastern Bexar County, Texas. This project area consists of the bridge culvert situated on Farm-to-Market (FM) 1518 at Woman Hollering Creek near Schertz, Texas. The private developer proposes to replace the existing bridge culvert with a concrete slab bridge that would encompass a distance of 200 feet (60 m) along each approach. The Texas Historical Commission (THC) issued Texas Antiquities Permit 4496 to SWCA to conduct the cultural resource investigations, which were designed to identify and evaluate any archaeological sites eligible for listing on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) or that might warrant designation as a State Archeological Landmark (SAL).

The background literature and records review determined that the project area has not been surveyed for archaeological resources nor are there any cultural resources documented within or adjacent to the project area. One survey was conducted about 1.1 miles north of the project crossing, which did not encounter any sites within a mile of the project (Atlas abstract). One site (41BX1667) is recorded about 0.9 miles southwest of the crossing that is an unknown prehistoric campsite containing scattered burned rock and lithic debitage. The NRHP eligibility status for this site has not been clearly determined. Regardless, this site will not be affected by the proposed project.

During the SWCA survey, four shovel tests were used to investigate the Area of Potential Effects (APE). These investigations of the bridge crossing primarily encountered extremely disturbed right-of-way (ROW). The project area has been impacted from road construction and continued maintenance while the surrounding areas have been disturbed by residential development and agricultural activities. No cultural materials were identified during the pedestrian survey or in the shovel test excavations.

In accordance with 36 CRF 800.4, SWCA has made a reasonable and good faith effort to identify archeological historic properties within the APE. The proposed replacement of the bridge in eastern Bexar County will impact previously disturbed areas with no significant cultural properties. Thus, the proposed project will not affect any cultural resources. As no properties were identified that meet the criteria for listing in the NRHP according to 36 CFR 60.4 or for designation as an SAL according to 13 TAC 26.12, SWCA recommends no further investigations for this project area.

No artifacts were collected. Therefore, nothing was curated.

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

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