Texas Historical Commission
An intensive archeological survey was completed in order to inventory and evaluate archeological resources within the footprint of improvements to Farm-to-Market (FM) 2001 in Hays and Caldwell Counties, Texas. The archeological area of potential effects (APE) totals 8.5 miles (13.7 kilometers), extending from the intersection of Interstate Highway 35 (I-35) and FM 2001 to just east of State Highway (SH) 21 (CSJ 1776-01-018). Fieldwork was conducted on July 2-3, 7-8, and August 5, 2014 under Antiquities Permit 6936. Much of the project area was determined to have been subjected to ground-disturbing activities associated with agriculture, residential development, installation of utilities, and construction and maintenance of the existing road. Two newly recorded archeological sites, 41HY493 and 41HY494, were documented. Site 41HY493 is a historic-age artifact scatter that represents a late nineteenth- to early twentieth-century domestic occupation. There are no extant buildings and no features or unique artifacts located within the APE. Site 41HY494 is a historic-age barn complex with livestock pens and chutes and a possible dipping vat. An artifact scatter near the barn complex suggests that there was a possible earlier occupation on the same parcel. Neither site is recommended as eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places or for designation as a State Antiquities Landmark. As both sites were located on private property, no artifacts were collected. Project records will be curated at the Center for Archeological Studies at Texas State University-San Marcos.
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