Friends of Northeast Texas Archaeology




This report is the latest in a series of reports that have been supported by the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma, Cultural Preservation Program that concern the documentation of funerary objects in museum facilities that are subject to the provisions and regulations of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) (Gonzalez et al. 2005; Cast et al. 2006; Perttula et al. 2007, 2009a, 2009b, 2010a, 2011). These documentation studies have been done either with grants from the National Park Service, or through funding provided by the museum facility that held NAGPRA funerary objects. In the case of the present study of unassociated Caddo funerary objects from a series of sites in the collections at the Gregg County Historical Museum in Longview, Texas, the documentation effort was supported by a 2013 NAGPRA grant provided by the National Park Service (NPS) to the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma.

During the course of the current NAGPRA grant, we completed documentation in July 2013 of 158 ceramic vessel funerary objects in the Gregg County Historical Museum collections. These vessels are unassociated funerary objects that are part of the extensive Buddy Calvin Jones collection of vessels from several East Texas counties (Figure 1). They include unassociated funerary objects from the Peanut Patch or Patton site (41HS825, n=50 vessels), the J. O. and Henry Brown site (41HS261, n=32 vessels), the C. D. Marsh site (41HS269, n=6 vessels), and the Susie Slade site (41HS13, n=13 vessels). Five other archeological sites have no trinomials but have vessels that we have also documented for this project: the Darco Coal Mine site (n=4 vessels), the Eli Fields site (n=21 vessels) and Marshall Red Gully site (n=3 vessels) in Harrison County; the Hyte site (n=27 vessels) in northern Gregg County; and the Beckville site (n=1 vessel) in northwestern Panola County.

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