This report details excavations at the Kitchen Branch site (41CP220) in Camp County, Texas. Working on behalf of the Texas Department of Transportation and Federal Highway Administration, archeologists from AmaTerra Environmental, Inc., Archeological and Environmental Consultants, LLC, Hicks & Company Environmental, Archeological, and Planning Consultants, Inc, and Coastal Environments Inc., completed National Register of Historic Places and State Antiquities Landmark eligibility testing and later data recovery investigations of components of the Kitchen Branch site. Work was conducted for compliance with the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 (as amended) and the Antiquities Code of Texas (13 TAC 26) between 2004 and 2007 when portions of the site were proposed to be impacted by expansion of Farm to Market Road 557 at its crossing of the Kitchen Branch of Prairie Creek. Testing phase investigations (Antiquities Permit 3609) included excavation of 23 1 x 1-meter and 40 x 40-centimeter test units and 13 Gradall trenches, documenting artifacts and features attributed to Middle-Late Archaic, Woodland, and Late Caddo Titus phase occupations along with a small, minor historic (late nineteenth and early twentieth century) component. Archeologists, citing intact, buried features, lithics, ceramics, and faunal and floral materials, determined that the Titus phase site components were eligible for inclusion in the National Register of Historic Places and as a State Antiquities Landmark. Subsequent data recovery investigations (Antiquities Permit 4473) targeted the Titus phase component of the Kitchen Branch site and included geophysical survey (magnetometer, ground-penetrating radar, and electrical resistivity), block test unit excavations (167 1 x 1s in three main blocks), and mechanical and hand scraping. Approximately 4,000 prehistoric ceramic sherds, 4,400 lithic flakes, 137 projectile points, numerous other tools, and various faunal and floral materials were recovered and analyzed during both phases of investigations while archeologists documented 236 prehistoric features (and unnumbered possible post holes). To supplement the basic qualitative and quantitative data from artifact analysis, researchers collected and processed a variety of other samples including organic residue, petrographic, neutron activation, thermoluminescence dating of prehistoric ceramics and radiocarbon assays of ceramic residue and burned plant remains from the site. In addition nearly 1,000 historic artifacts were also recovered and interpreted as part of the field and analysis effort.
Based on the various analyses, the primary investigated component at the Kitchen Branch is a single, small, Titus phase domestic farmstead occupied for a relatively short time during the 15th century AD.
To complement the discussion of the Kitchen Branch site, this report includes brief analysis and interpretation of Titus phase ceramic vessel photographs from the Horton site (41CP20) and a small assemblage of artifacts, field notes, and photographs from the Keering site (41CP21). Both sites were investigated in 1974 by State Department of Transportation and Public Transportation archeologists in association with roadway projects and never formally reported.
This is a work for hire produced for the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT), which owns all rights, title, and interest in and to all data and other information developed for this project under its contract with the report producer. The report may be cited and brief passages from this publication may be reproduced without permission provided that credit is given to TxDOT and the firm that produced it. Permission to reprint an entire chapter, section, figures or tables must be obtained in advance from the Supervisor of the Archeological Studies Branch, Environmental Affairs Division, Texas Department of Transportation, 125 East 11th Street, Austin, Texas, 78701
Perttula, Timothy K.; Miller, Mason; Nelson, R. Bo; Bush, Leslie L.; Cecil, Leslie G.; Cummings, Linda Scott; Earles, Chase; Feit, Rachel; Ferguson, Jeffrey R.; Glascock, Michael D.; Logan, Melissa K.; Selden, Robert Z. Jr.; Schniebs, LeeAnna; Varney, R. A.; Walker, Chester P.; and Bonine, Mindy
"Archeological Investigations at the Kitchen Branch (41CP220), B. J. Horton (41CP20), and Keering (41CP21) Sites, Big Cypress Creek Basin, Camp County, Texas,"
Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State: Vol. 2014
, Article 1. https://doi.org/10.21112/ita.2014.1.1
Available at: https://scholarworks.sfasu.edu/ita/vol2014/iss1/1
append 1-2 Kitchen Branch Site Testing Interim Report-redacted.pdf (6973 kB)
append 1-3 Antiquities permit correspondence.pdf (844 kB)
append 1-4 clay grinding THC concur ltr.pdf (263 kB)
append 5-1 Geophysical Analysis.pdf (932 kB)
append 6-1 Feature Inventory.pdf (37 kB)
Appendix 7-1 - Beta Analytic Radiocarbon Analysis Report 1 of 3.pdf (833 kB)
Appendix 7-1 - Beta Analytic Radiocarbon Analysis Report 2 of 3.pdf (922 kB)
Appendix 7-1 - Beta Analytic Radiocarbon Analysis Report 3 of 3.pdf (710 kB)
Appendix 7-2 Luminescence Analysis of Ceramics from Camp County.pdf (672 kB)
Appendix 8-1 Inventory of Ceramic Vessel Sherds from the Kitchen Branch Site.pdf (127 kB)
Appendix 8-2 Provenience of Decorated Sherds by Decorative Method, Kitchen Branch Site.pdf (84 kB)
Appendix 8-3 Detailed Sherd Analysis, Kitchen Branch Site.pdf (155 kB)
Appendix 8-4 Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis Report.pdf (170 kB)
Appendix 8-5 Petrographic Report for Expermiental Pottery Samples.pdf (314 kB)
append 9-1 Elemental Table of Neutron Activation Analysis.pdf (38 kB)
Appendix 11-1 Microwear Analysis of Stone Tools from 41CP220, Camp County, Texas.pdf (4478 kB)
Appendix 12-1 Organic Residue Analysis of Ceramics from the Kitchen Branch Site.pdf (811 kB)
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