Journal of Northeast Texas Archaeology




The Tom Hanks site (41CP239) is one of a number of Late Caddo, Titus phase (ca. A.D. 1430-1680) mound sites in the Big Cypress Creek basin "heartland." It is situated along an unnamed eastern-flowing tributary to Big Cypress Creek, between Walkers Creek to the north and Dry Creek to the south. Robert L. Turner, Jr. found and reported the site in 1990, and obtained a small surface collection. The artifacts from this surface collection are the subject of this article.

According to Perttula, there are 12 known Titus phase mound sites in the Big Cypress Creek basin. Most of these mound sites have only one constructed mound, although the Tom Hanks site has two mounds, and the Harroun (41UR10) and Whelan (41MR2) sites have four small earthen mounds. These mounds were generally built over the burned remains of important structures used by the social and political elite in different Titus phase political communities in the basin.

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.



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