Journal of Northeast Texas Archaeology
Knowledge of early Caddo culture comes from both archaeological and ethnographic sources. Enough archaeological research had been completed by the early 1970s to provide a fairly thorough chronology for the major pre-Columbian developments in the Caddoan area. and archaeological research has been extensive since that time.
Accounts of the DeSoto expedition of 1541-1542 constitute the earliest source of ethnohistoric data on the Caddo. Translations of the De Soto documents may be found in Bourne, Robertson, Varner and Varner, and more recently, Clayton. Some scholars think it likely that Coronado reached the edge of Caddo territory in 1541, but the consensus is strongly against that possibility. Swanton discusses the problem cogently and gives translations of pertinent excerpts from the Coronado documents. Essays in Young and Hoffman consider the route and travels of the De Soto expedition, and its effects on the Caddo groups, as does Hudson.
Jelks, Edward R. and Perttula, Timothy K.
Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State: Vol. 2002
, Article 20. https://doi.org/10.21112/.ita.2002.1.20
Available at: https://scholarworks.sfasu.edu/ita/vol2002/iss1/20
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