Caddo Archeology Journal
This is a preliminary report on an archaeological survey of the James Bayou area of Marion County, Texas that started in February, 1998 and is still continuing. The primary goal of the survey was to find the location of the large 1795-1840 Caddo Indian village called by them Sha-Childn-Ni (Timber Hill). Historical research and two early maps of 1811 and 1841 clearly show the village on the south side of James Bayou. The sites found prove that both maps are right. This is a report on Sites 2 and 3 of the four sites found to date. [Ed note: A fifth site has been found since this report was completed J When the survey is complete, all sites found will be plotted on a map so that we can see Sha-Childn-Ni emerge from the hills and woods along both sides of James Bayou. Thereby, the site of the last Caddo Indian village in their native homeland will be preserved for all to see and appreciate. If this survey can contribute to Caddo heritage in this way, it will have accomplished its purpose.
"Preliminary Report on the James Bayou Survey: A Search for Sha-Childni-Ni (1795-1840),"
Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State: Vol. 1998
, Article 33. https://doi.org/10.21112/.ita.1998.1.33
Available at: https://scholarworks.sfasu.edu/ita/vol1998/iss1/33
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