In May and June of 1988, archaeological testing of Site 41KM3, the Red Creek Site, was conducted by the Texas Department of Transportation, at that time the State Department of Highways and Public Transportation (SDHPT), in preparation for the construction of FM 3480 in Kimble County. The Red Creek Site is a large, multiple midden site along the northern terrace of the Llano River near its confluence with Red Creek. Most of the site lay outside the right-of-way and testing was confined to the southern periphery of the site, along the terrace slope. Most of the materials recovered from this area seemed to be the result of secondary deposition. Artifacts representing Late Paleoindian through Late Prehistoric cultural periods were recovered, with a preponderance of the material representing the Middle Archaic. Testing resulted in the designation of Site 41KM3 as a State Archeological Landmark. The intact portions of the site remaining within the right-of-way have been buried under several layers of sterile soil to protect the site from future impact.
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