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The road along which sites 41CP228 and 229 occur is F.M. 1520 (Fig. 1 and Fig. 2), with the limits of improvements to it being from 0.8 mi. north of Loop 179 to 0.7 mi. north of Walkers Creek--a length of approximately 1.25 miles. This is a particularly dangerous stretch of roadway with curves at Walkers Creek and its tributary to the north. Along this stretch in recent years several people have died in automobile accidents, most recently during the course of the fieldwork in September, 1996. The proposed work will realign the roadway to eliminate the curves, and construct two new multiple box culverts.
An assessment of these prehistoric sites was conducted between September 3 and September 18, 1996, but a total of only 7 days was spent in the field. The sites were recorded in 1993, with shovel testing done at both and recommendations made for further work. From 39 shovel tests at 41 CP229, a total of 5 artifacts was found and the site was recommended for test excavation. In an area near site 4 1 CP228, no artifacts were found in 17 shovel tests and the site appeared to be outside the right-of-way; however, it was recommended that monitoring should be done during construction.
The purpose of the recent work was to determine if the part of site 41CP229 in the proposed right-of-way warranted formal test excavation, and if site 4 1CP228 extended into the right-of-way. This evaluation of the sites was done with a combination of Gradall scraping and hand excavation of large shovel tests. The emphasis of the work at 41 CP229 was on finding features such as house patterns in the relatively shallow sandy deposit and underlying clay.
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