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Test Excavations at Sites 41BW318 and 41BW410, US 259 North of the Sulphur River, Bowie County, Texas
Texas Historical Commission
The Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) will widen US 259 from FM 71 to 2.3 miles south of FM 561, in Bowie County, Texas. The project will affect portions of archaeological sites 41BW318 and 4IBW410, both of which are on the east side of the road north of the Sulphur River. The two sites were examined in July 1992 using hand dug test units, and trenches excavated by machine. The cultural deposits at 41BW318 were generally shallow and sparse. Although several soil anomalies were tentatively identified as features during excavation, mos~ of them proved to be natural and/or recent in origin. The site appears to have been disturbed by about 60 yea~s of earlier highway construction and maintenance activities, and by its proximity to a sawmill that was in operation in the 1940s just east of the site. Site 41BW410 was on a high terrace of the Sulphur River. Although there is little evidence of disturbance, cultural deposits were shallow and very little material was recovered f~om the test units. Based on the observations made at these two sites, neither one is considered eligible for inclusion on the National Register of Historic Places or designation as a State Archeological Landmark.
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