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Agency

Texas Historical Commission

Abstract

Archaeologists from the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT), formerly the State Department of Highways and Public Transportation (SDHPT), performed subsurface test investigations at two burned rock midden sites in northwest Bexar County in 1990 after award of contract. Sites 41BX791 and 41BX845 are situated within the proposed State Highway 211 highway right-of- way (ROW) between S.H. 16 and F.M. 471. Based on diagnostic artifact types, the sites were occupied during the late Early Archaic to Late Prehistoric periods. No activity areas were identifiable at either site, and no radiocarbon samples were obtainable to substantiate site chronology. Site 41BX791 offered only shallow subsurface cultural deposition, while testing results from 41BX845 suggest a great deal of mixing and displacement of cultural strata due to previous disturbance by brush clearing and relic collectors. Considering the condition of both sites, neither of the site areas within the State Highway 211 right-of-way warrant consideration as a State Archaeological Landmark, and no further work is recommended at either site.

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