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Research Design for Testing Archaeological Site 41KA25 Karnes County FM 81: at Cibolo Creek
Center for Archaeological Research
Archaeological Site 41KA25 is located on the east bank of Cibolo Creek on both sides of FM 81 in Karnes County. The site appears to be a multicomponent campsite which has been previously disrupted by highway construction and cultivation.
Testing of portions of the site within the proposed highway right-of-way is being initiated by the State Department of Highways and Public Transportation (SDHPT) in accordance with Procedures for the Protection of Historic and Cultural Properties (36 CFR Part 800), procedures which are prescribed by law and endorsed by the Federal Highway Administration. Objectives of the test are to determine the nature of the site, its cultural affiliation and whether those portions included within the highway right-of-way meet the criteria for inclusion within the National Register of Historic Places.
Specifically, the testing will be to determine the depth of the deposits containing archaeological materials and to determine more precisely the limits of the site within the SDHPT right-of-way. Cultural context and stratification of materials present will also be of prime concern. In addition, cultural features, if encountered, will be pursued at least to the extent of determining the nature and possible affiliation and/or significance of those features. Where possible, artifacts and associated cultural debris will be recorded in situ. Documentation will consist of field notes, level reports, drawings, and photographic record.
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