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Creation Date

2019

Description

VESSEL NO.: No Number

VESSEL FORM: Jar with a tall rim

NON-PLASTICS AND PASTE: shell

RIM AND LIP FORM: Everted rim and rounded lip

CORE COLOR: F (fired in a reducing environment and cooled in the open air, see Teltser 1993:Figure 2f)

INTERIOR SURFACE COLOR: red

EXTERIOR SURFACE COLOR: red

WALL THICKNESS (IN MM): rim, 5.4 mm; body, 6.0 mm; base, 8.0 mm

INTERIOR SURFACE TREATMENT: burnished

EXTERIOR SURFACE TREATMENT: burnished

HEIGHT (IN CM): 19.1+ (according to Hampton and Moore [1936:65], when complete, the jar stood 27.3 cm high)

ORIFICE DIAMETER (IN CM): 29.6

DIAMETER AT BOTTOM OF RIM OR NECK (IN CM): 22.8

BASE DIAMETER (IN CM) AND SHAPE OF BASE: 8.3 cm, circular and flat

ESTIMATED VOLUME (IN LITERS): 4.2+ (probably ca. 10.5 liters)

DECORATION (INCLUDING MOTIF AND ELEMENTS WHEN APPARENT): The tall rim has five horizontal engraved lines, three with either upward- or downward-pointing tick marks. Between these sets of lines is a narrow zone filled with horizontal scroll lines and single upper and lower excised tick marks; the horizontal scroll lines are divided by excised brackets with negative S-shaped elements.

The vessel body has concentric semi-circular engraved lines, the innermost of which has tick marks; these elements begin along a single horizontal engraved line near the base of the jar body. Surrounding these concentric lines are narrow curvilinear excised zones with spur elements next to zones with hooked arm engraved elements.

PIGMENT USE AND LOCATION ON VESSEL: none

TYPE AND VARIETY (IF KNOWN): Avery Engraved (see Suhm and Jelks 1962:Plate 1a-a’)

Decorative elements on the rim of an Avery Engraved jar from the Howard Hampton Farm (41RR10).

Decorative elements on the body of an Avery Engraved jar from the Howard Hampton Farm (41RR10).

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Keywords

American Southwest, Caddo, Ceramic, Pottery, Archaeology, Anthropology

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