Journal of Comparative Politics
The enforcement of affirmative action programs such as quotas has not only generated endless debate in many countries but has also encountered resistance from those, usually conservatives, who question the fairness of such a program or policy. Brazil and the United States of America are two of the destinations for enslaved people of African descent who were, on their arrival to their new countries, treated as second-class citizens and had to endure institutional, political, and legalized structural racism and discrimination in high education. This paper provides some of the definitions of affirmative action found in the literature and discusses the struggles of the Brazilian government is using to addressing past discrimination in university admissions. Some legal challenges of affirmative action policy regarding university admissions in the United States are provided to show the implementation conundrum of the policy. Despite the controversial nature of the policy the impact theory is utilized to predict the policy’s possible benefits and outcomes.
Antwi-Boasiako, Kwame B., "The Affirmative Action Policy: A Tale of Two Nations and the Implementation Conundrum" (2017). Faculty Publications. 36.
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