Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science - Kinesiology


Kinesiology and Health Science

First Advisor

Dr. Robyn Whitehead

Second Advisor

Dr. Todd Whitehead

Third Advisor

Dr. James Rowe

Fourth Advisor

Dr. Sarah Savoy


Body image has been studied in previous research but there is a gap in research with the consideration of body image changes during the phases of the menstrual cycle. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a mindful meditation intervention on body image during the late luteal and early follicular phases of the menstrual cycle in collegiate female athletes. Eight female collegiate athletes (age: 20.5 ± 1.8 years, height: 1.7 ± 0.1 m, weight: 62.4 ± 8.9 kg, body fat: 26.4 ± 6.9%) participated in both the control and mindful meditation intervention with each taking three weeks to complete. Body image was measured by using 3 surveys, the Self-Compassion Scale, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and the Body Appreciation Scale to compare the control to the intervention. These surveys were taken prior to each of the three weeks and at the end of the three weeks. Participants made no change to their lifestyle during the control period. During the mindful meditation intervention, participants completed the intervention with each session lasting approximately 20 minutes for five days a week for the three weeks of the intervention protocol. Each week of the control was compared to the corresponding week during the intervention for all of the surveys. There were no significant differences found in any of the surveys between the control and the intervention. Although no significant difference found, there was a trend of body image improving with the addition of mindful meditation. The results of this study along with future research in body image may help to clarify the influence of the menstrual cycle on the body image of females.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.



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