Date of Award

Summer 8-7-2021

Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science - Kinesiology


Kinesiology and Health Science

First Advisor

Dr. Malcolm T Whitehead

Second Advisor

Dr. Eric Jones

Third Advisor

Dr. Robyn Whitehead

Fourth Advisor

Dr. Jonathan Mitchell


Resistance training has been a popular tactic that individuals have used to increase muscular fitness for decades. Muscular fitness includes muscular endurance, strength, and power. However, limitations such as self-efficacy and the Central Governor Theory may influence individual maximal performance ability. One training tactic that has been rarely researched is the deception of resistance during exercise, which is assumed to increase performances in all aspects of muscular fitness and improvements in perceived effort. Inconsistent results have been concluded from previous studies that have examined the same topic. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of resistance deception on muscular fitness and perceived exertion, as well as the impact of self-efficacy. Five college-aged, resistance trained participants completed all four trials of this study. The first trial was the baseline testing which included a one-repetition maximum and repetitions to failure, at 60% one-repetition max, protocols of barbell back squat. The remaining three trials consisted of similar protocols but the resistance was masked. These three trials included: a five percent increase in resistance, a five percent decrease in resistance, and the same resistance lifted at baseline. Perceived exertion, self-efficacy, repetitions, bar velocity, and power output were observed during all trials. No statistically significant results were found among any tested variables. However, trends were shown in the data that are congruent with previous findings.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.



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