Date of Award

Spring 5-7-2021

Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy - School Psychology


Human Services

First Advisor

Dr. Luis Aguerrevere

Second Advisor

Dr. Daniel McCleary

Third Advisor

Dr. Nina Ellis-Hervey

Fourth Advisor

Dr. Frankie Clark

Fifth Advisor

Dr. Hyunsook Kang



Recent reports in the media suggest an increase in the number of aggression cases in schools and the community. One of the forms of aggression experienced over the lifespan is verbal aggression. Verbal aggression has been considered a negative trait because of the harmful effects it has on the recipient. On the contrary, assertive behavior is a socially desirable trait and is considered a positive communication trait. The purpose of the study was to establish the effectiveness of psychological services and self-care in reducing verbally aggressive behavior. The study also aimed to determine how psychological services can improve assertiveness. It was hypothesized that those with mental health issues, who receive psychological services, are more likely to present with less verbal aggression and more assertiveness. A hierarchical regression was used to analyze archival data collected for a previous study by Aura (2019). The study analyzed the impact psychological services have on verbal aggression and assertiveness after demographic factors are controlled. Results of the study suggest that counseling services have a significant negative relationship with verbal aggression. None of the variables associated with psychological services were found to have a significant relationship with assertiveness. Implications and limitations of the study are discussed.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.



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