Date of Award
Master of Arts - Psychology
Dr. James Schaeffer
Dr. Steven Estrada
Dr. Nathan Sparkman
Dr. Luis Aguerrevere
Loneliness, the perception of unmet social needs, has been shown to relate to recollection-based recognition deficits, but the relationship between loneliness and recognition memory (i.e., recollection and familiarity) has not been thoroughly examined. The current study hypothesized that more lonely individuals would have lower recognition memory performance, specifically recollection, with smaller ERP parietal old-new effects than less lonely individuals. Forty participants, grouped into less (n = 13) and more (n = 9) lonely groups based on their R-UCLA responses, completed an associative memory task. EEG was used to assess recognition memory effects. Results showed no significant difference in both behavioral and ERP recognition memory effects between lonely groups, showing that lonelier individuals had no specific recollection-based recognition memory deficits. Evidence of a negative trend between loneliness and recognition memory effects was observed. Future research should include more participants and better methodology to explore the loneliness-recognition memory relationship.
Keywords: loneliness, perceived social isolation, memory, recognition memory, electroencephalogram (EEG), event-related potential (ERP)
Chek, Carmen Jia Wen, "An EEG Study on Loneliness and Recognition Memory" (2020). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 336.
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