CHRONIC PAIN ACCEPTANCE: OPTIMISM MEDIATES THE RELATION BETWEEN DISPOSITIONAL MINDFULNESS AND PAIN ACCEPTANCE
Date of Award
Master of Arts - Psychology
Chronic pain is associated with many indicators of maladjustment. We expected that five individual components of dispositional mindfulness would be positively associated with pain willingness (Hypothesis 1) and activity engagement (Hypothesis 2). A mediational hypothesis was tested, whereby dispositional mindfulness would be positively associated with optimism and optimism would in turn be positively associated with both pain willingness and activity engagement (Hypothesis 3). Both Hypothesis 1 and 2 were partially supported. Acting with awareness and nonjudging were the only mindfulness components that were positively associated with pain willingness. Other components of mindfulness were either negatively associated with pain willingness (observing) or were nonsignificant predictors of pain willingness (describing, nonreactivity). Compared to pain willingness, more components of mindfulness were positive predictors of activity engagement. Results also support Hypothesis 3. Optimism accounted for a significant indirect association between dispositional mindfulness and pain willingness as well as between dispositional mindfulness and activity engagement.
Miles, Kelli, "CHRONIC PAIN ACCEPTANCE: OPTIMISM MEDIATES THE RELATION BETWEEN DISPOSITIONAL MINDFULNESS AND PAIN ACCEPTANCE" (2019). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 330.
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