Date of Award

Fall 12-14-2019

Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts - Psychology



First Advisor

Sarah Savoy

Second Advisor

Scott Drury

Third Advisor

Sylvia Middlebrook

Fourth Advisor

Luis Aguerrevere



Chronic pain is associated with many indicators of maladjustment. We expected that five individual components of dispositional mindfulness would be positively associated with pain willingness (Hypothesis 1) and activity engagement (Hypothesis 2). A mediational hypothesis was tested, whereby dispositional mindfulness would be positively associated with optimism and optimism would in turn be positively associated with both pain willingness and activity engagement (Hypothesis 3). Both Hypothesis 1 and 2 were partially supported. Acting with awareness and nonjudging were the only mindfulness components that were positively associated with pain willingness. Other components of mindfulness were either negatively associated with pain willingness (observing) or were nonsignificant predictors of pain willingness (describing, nonreactivity). Compared to pain willingness, more components of mindfulness were positive predictors of activity engagement. Results also support Hypothesis 3. Optimism accounted for a significant indirect association between dispositional mindfulness and pain willingness as well as between dispositional mindfulness and activity engagement.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.



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