Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts - School Psychology


Human Services

First Advisor

Luis Aguerrevere, Ph.D.

Second Advisor

Frankie Clark, Ph.D.

Third Advisor

Nina Ellis-Hervey, Ph.D.

Fourth Advisor

Steven Estrada, Ph.D.


The biopsychosocial model of chronic pain posits that chronic pain is influenced by factors such as depression, somatization, and psychological trauma (Gatchel, Peng, Peters, Fuchs, & Turk, 2007). Being bullied in childhood is one such factor that has been shown to be associated with chronic pain (Sigurdson, Wallander, & Sund, 2014; Voerman et al. 2015). Furthermore, those with chronic pain fit into one of three distinct psychological profiles (Williams, Urban, Keefe, Shutty, & France, 1995). The purpose of the current study was to examine the relationship between chronic pain profiles and reports of past bullying experiences. It was hypothesized that individuals in Profile 1, whose profile is characterized by significant psychological distress, would report the highest frequency and severity of bullying in primary and secondary school. The hypothesis was partially supported. The results indicated that males in Profile 1 reported being bullied more physically and verbally in primary school than males in Profile 3. This study furthers the understanding of how being bullied impacts chronic pain, and creates avenues for future research. Keywords: bullying, chronic pain, pain, profiles, somatization

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.



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