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Woodland period sites of the inland Mossy Grove tradition are common in the middle Trinity River basin in East central Texas. The study of lands along the Trinity River and several tributaries in Houston and Madison counties identified an abundance of Woodland period sites dating from 2155-1180 years B.P. on alluvial landforms and terraces as well as upland landforms overlooking the Trinity River floodplain. Several of these Woodland period sites have midden deposits and features that are indicative of more intensive and permanent settlements along the Trinity River, and the earlier Woodland period sites are marked by Gary and Kent dart points and Goose Creek sandy paste ceramic vessel sherds, while the later Woodland period sites—dating after ca. A.D. 700—have early arrow point types (Steiner and Friley points), and Goose Creek sandy paste ceramics, including a few sherds from sandy paste vessels tempered with small amounts of burned bone or grog. Through time, beginning in the Woodland period, the Native American groups in this part of Texas became less mobile, and developed distinctive territories within which diverse settlement and subsistence patterns began to fully develop.



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