Although low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor-mediated cholesterol uptake through clathrin-coated pits is now well understood, the molecular details and organizing principles for selective cholesterol uptake/efflux (reverse cholesterol transport, RCT) from peripheral cells remain to be resolved. It is not yet completely clear whether RCT between serum lipoproteins and the plasma membrane occurs primarily through lipid rafts/caveolae or from non-raft domains. To begin to address these issues, lipid raft/caveolae-, caveolae-, and non-raft-enriched fractions were resolved from purified plasma membranes isolated from L-cell fibroblasts and MDCK cells by detergent-free affinity chromatography and compared with detergent-resistant membranes isolated from the same cells. Fluorescent sterol exchange assays between lipoproteins (VLDL, LDL, HDL, apoA1) and these enriched domains provided new insights into supporting the role of lipid rafts/caveolae and caveolae in plasma membrane/lipoprotein cholesterol dynamics: (i) lipids known to be translocated through caveolae were detected (cholesteryl ester, triacylglycerol) and/or enriched (cholesterol, phospholipid) in lipid raft/caveolae fractions; (ii) lipoprotein-mediated sterol uptake/efflux from lipid rafts/caveolae and caveolae was rapid and lipoprotein specific, whereas that from non-rafts was very slow and independent of lipoprotein class; and (iii) the rate and lipoprotein specificity of sterol efflux from lipid rafts/caveolae or caveolae to lipoprotein acceptors in vitro was slower and differed in specificity from that in intact cellsconsistent with intracellular factors contributing significantly to cholesterol dynamics between the plasma membrane and lipoproteins.
Storey, Stephen M.; Gallegos, Adalberto M.; Atshaves, Barbara P.; McIntosh, Avery L.; Martin, Gregory G.; Parr, Rebecca D.; Landrock, Kerstin K.; Kier, Ann B.; Ball, Judith M.; and Schroeder, Friedhelm, "Selective Cholesterol Dynamics between Lipoproteins and Caveolae/Lipid Rafts" (2007). Faculty Publications. 42.
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