Archaeological Survey and Testing at Rancho de las Cabras, 41 WN 30, Wilson County, Texas, Fifth Season
The fifth season of archaeological investigations at the Rancho de las Cabras (41 WN 30) was conducted in 1 ate May and June 1984, by the Center for Archaeological Research, The University of Texas at San Antonio, for the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Austin, Texas. This field season the limits of the midden outside the northwest gate were better defined through shovel testing, and the surficial extent of another midden outside the east compound wall was mapped. Stratigraphic excavations inside and outside of Room 3 revealed a series of floors and outdoor activity surfaces and associated architectural features. To obtain information about the construction sequence at the site, trenches were dug to expose the upper part of the stone walls of the northern compound rooms, and the revealed architectural details were mapped. Archival research of the Rancho de las Cabras has aided in correcting errors concerning the site location, its affiliation with particular missions, and the types of Indian groups which lived at the site. Recommendations for future research are included in this report.