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Authors

John W. Clark

Agency

Texas State Department of Highways and Public Transportation Highway Design Division

Abstract

Six prehistoric sites along the proposed route of U.S. Highway 54 in El Paso County, Texas, were tested during the spring and summer of 1981. No further work is recommended at four of these sites due to the paucity of recovered materials and the general deflated and eroded nature of the sites.

Two sites are recommended for further work. Testing of Site 41EP321 produced two probable pithouse features with buried charcoal lenses and possible post holes as well as numerous varied artifacts including Mimbres Black-on-White, Chupardero Black-on-White, El Paso Brown, and El Paso Polychrome pottery types. Testing of Site 41EP289 produced three midden areas (areas of high surficial artifact frequency), trash pits, post molds, hearths, and artifacts including Mimbres Black-on-White, Chupadero Black-on-White, El Paso Brown, and El Paso Polychrome pottery types. The artifact types and frequencies from the two sites are identical, suggesting a contemporaneity of the sites, and can be placed within the Dona Ana phases of the Jornada Branch of the Mogollon.

Licensing Statement

This is a work produced for the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) by the report producer. TxDOT and the report producer jointly own all rights, title, and interest in and to all intellectual property developed under TxDOT’s contract with the report producer. The report may be cited and brief passages from this publication may be reproduced without permission provided that credit is given to both TxDOT and the report producer. Permission to reprint an entire chapter, section, figures or tables must be obtained in advance from either the Supervisor of the Archeological Studies Branch, Environmental Affairs Division, Texas Department of Transportation, 125 East 11th Street, Austin, Texas, 78701 or from the report producer.

 

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